The most common symptoms of gastroenteritis are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Crampy abdominal pain

Gastroenteritis is often self-limiting, and the care is supportive – designed to control symptoms and prevent dehydration. Tests may not be needed for healthy adults. In case of infants and elderly Gastroenteritis may be at times life threatening. Fever and persisting symptoms must make a person seek medical advice immediately.


  • Viruses – Norovirus, Rotavirus, Adenoviruses, Parvoviruses, and Astroviruses.
  • Bacterial infection – E. coli, Clostridium, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella.Protozoal infections from contaminated water – Giardia.
  • Other conditions that may be the cause of the patient’s symptoms are appendicitis, gallstones, pancreatitis or diverticulitis. Also Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or microscopic colitis.

Laboratory Tests advised:

  • Complete blood picture
  • S.Electrolytes
  • Urea
  • S.Creatinine
  • Stool examination
  • C-Reactive Protein

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